Bed Bugs: Attributes, Identification, Control, & Prevention

Bed bugs are small, elusive pests known for inhabiting sleeping areas and causing itchy, uncomfortable bites. This page guides you through identifying these pests, effective control measures, treatment options for bites, and preventive strategies to keep them at bay.


  • Scientific Name: Cimex lectularius
  • Control Methods: Heat treatment, chemical insecticides, vacuuming, encasements for mattresses and pillows
  • Indoor Infestation: Common in bedrooms, hotels, and dormitories
  • Blood Feeding: Parasitic, primarily feeds on human blood
  • Distinct Physical Features: Small, flat, oval-shaped body
  • Sensitivity to Light: Prefers darkness, often hides during daylight
  • Moisture Requirement: Low, can survive in dry environments
  • Reproductive Method: Oviparous (egg-laying), females can lay 1-5 eggs per day
  • Diet: Hematophagous (feeds on blood)
  • Sensory Organs: Antennae, simple eyes
  • Limbs: Six legs
  • Family: Cimicidae
  • Regions: Global, prevalent in temperate climates
  • Habitat: Near sleeping areas, within cracks and crevices
  • Sounds: Silent
  • Nocturnal Activity: Mostly active at night
  • Lifespan: About 10 months, can live longer without feeding
  • Size: 4 to 5 mm (adult)
  • Wings: Wingless
  • Color: Reddish-brown after feeding, otherwise brown
  • Also known as: Wall louse, mahogany flat, crimson rambler, heavy dragoon




Health Concerns & Miscellaneous Information